The Employment Relationships Act (ZDR-1) strongly protects worker’s rights in Slovenia. An employee in an employment relationship is a weaker party against the employer. Therefore, ZDR-1 regulates the rights of employees in several places, especially with regard to non-payment discipline of the employer. What consequences can befall the employer if they do not carry out their responsibilities? Meaning if they do not pay the employee a salary, holiday pay, travel expenses, lunch compensation in accordance with the employment contract?
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Basic rights of employees in a company in Slovenia
On the basis of the employment contract, the employee gets involved in the organized work process of the employer and in it, for remuneration, directly and continuously performs work according to the instructions and under the supervision of the employer. It is the employer’s responsibility to provide the employee with the work agreed upon by the parties in the employment contract and also to provide him with appropriate remuneration for the performance of the work.
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Responsibilities of employers – payment of salary and annual leave compensation
It is the employer’s responsibility to pay the employee a salary by the date specified in the employment contract. ZDR-1 stipulates that the salary is paid for payment periods that may not exceed one month and is paid no later than 18 days after the end of the payment period.
The right to holiday pay relates to the right to annual leave. The employee is thus entitled to recourse regardless of whether he is employed for a definite or indefinite period of time and whether the employee is employed full-time or part-time. The employee has to receive the annual leave compensation at least in the amount of the minimum wage and cannot receive it later than 1 July in a calendar year. An employer who does not pay annual leave compensation is in violation and can be fined up to 20,000 euros.
Responsibilities of employers – payment discipline
ZDR-1 also stipulates that an employee may exceptionally terminate an employment contract if, among other things:
- he has not received pay for at least two months or has received a significantly reduced salary,
- the employer did not pay him the salary twice in a row or within a period of six months within the legally or contractually agreed deadline,
- the employer has not paid full social security contributions for him for three consecutive months or for a period of six months.
It is the employer’s responsibility to pay the employee a salary. If the employer does not pay the employee a salary or does not issue him a salary slip can receive a fine up to EUR 20,000. The responsible person of the employer can also receive a fine up to EUR 2,000.
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